Pengertian Dan Contoh Direct And Indirect Speech

Pengertian Dan Contoh Direct And Indirect Speech - Dalam Bahasa Inggris terdapat beberapa perubahan yang terjadi apabila kita hendak mengubah kalimat langsung menjadi kalimat tidak langsung.  Perubahan tersebut meliputi perubahan pronoun, tense, adverb dan susunan kalimat. Perubahan yang lainnya yaitu mengenai penggunaan tanda baca, akan namun perubahan ini sengaja tidak dibahas karna mempersoalkan penghilangan tanda pada ("..") yang terdapat pada kalimat langsung setelah diubah menjadi kalimat tidak langsung.

Contoh Perubahan Dari Kalimat Langsung Menjadi Kalimat Tidak Langsung
  • Perubahan Pronoun
Contoh :

1.  He says, "I am very sad,"
     He says that he is very sad.
2.  She tells him,"I am as old as you,"
     She tells him that she is as old as he.
3.  The student say,"we are waiting for our teacher,"
     The student say that they are waiting for their teacher.
  •  Perubahan Tensis
Contoh :

1.  He said,"I am very sad."
     He said thet he was very sad.
2.  He said,"  I was very sad."
     He said that he had been verry sad.
3.  He exspalind,"I repair the bicycle in the room."
     He exsplaind that he repaired the bicycle in the room

Perubahan tenses tersebut dikarnakan bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menuturkan ucapan atau kalimat langsung menjadi ucapan atau kalimat tidak langsung.  Kata kerja ini juga sering disebut dengan Introductory Verb.  Pada contoh diatas kata kerja yang termasuk introductory Verb yaitu say, says, saod, tells, dan exsplained.  Apabila introductory verb digunakan pada kalimat tidak langsung
dalam bentuk present, perubahan kalimat langsung menjadi kalimat tidak langsung mengalami perubahan tensis ,namun apabila Introductory Verb yang dipakai pada kalimat langsung past akan berubah menjadi past perfect tense.  Perhatikan contogh 1 dan 2 diatas. Untuk lebih lengkapnya perhatikan contoh dibawah :

1.  "She is very busy at home."
     He says                                   
     He just said
 Menjadi : ( That ) She is very busy at home
     He said Jus Said                               
     He had jus Said
 Menjadi :   (that) She was very busy at home

2.  "They are studying in the calass."
     He tells me that they were studying in the class.
     He told me that they were studying in the class
3.  "The Family will go to solo."
     She exsplains that the family will go to solo
     She exsplained that the family would go to solo.

Pada umumnya introductory Verb bentuk Past Tense akan mengubah tenses kalimat langsung ketika diubah menjadi kalimat tidak langsung.  Terdapat beberapa pengecualian yang tidak mengalami perubahan tersebut  diantaranya :
  • Kalimat Kondisional Tipe II Past Tense Pada Kalimat Subjunctive
Contoh :

1.  He said,"if I were older, I would go to Bali."
     He said that if he were older, he would go to Bali.
2.  He said,"I wish I knew her."
     He said that wished he knew her."
3.  He said that would rather the window opened."
     He said that he would rather the window opened.

Pengertian Dan Contoh Direct And Indirect Speech

  • Kata Kerja Bentuk Simple Present Tanse Yang Menyatakan Kebenaran Umum(General Truth).
 Contoh :

1.  He said,"The sun Rises in the East and sets in the West."
     He said that the sun rises in the East and sets in the West.
2.  He said,"Boiling water is hot."
     He said that boiling water is hot
  • Modal Atau Bentuk Past Tense : Would, Had better, Used to, Might And Could.
Contoh :

1.  He said," I might be there."
     He said that he might be there.
2.  He said,"They had better go at night."
     He said," Thay had better go at night.
  • Must Yang Digunakan Untuk Menyatakan Suatu Peraturan Yang Sifatnya Permanen Dan Berlaku Umum.
Contoh :

1.  He said,"people must respect their parents."
     He said that they must respect their parents.
2.  He said,"We mustn't drive against the red light."
     He said that they mustn't drive againts the red light.
Apabila must tidak menyatakan suatu ketentuan seperti contoh diatas biasanya berubah menjadi 'had to'.

Contoh :

1.  He said,"I must be there by nine ."
     He said that he had to be there by nine.
2.  He said,"They must start at once."
     He said that they had to start at once
  • Perubahan Adverb
Perubahan kalimat langsung menjadi kalimat tidak langsung akan membawa perubahan pada adverb atau kata keterangan seperti contoh dibawah ;



No
Kalimat Langsung
Kalimat Tidak Langsung
1
Now
Then
2
Today
That day
3
Yasterday
The day before
4
Next
Following
5
Ago
Before /The previous
6
Here
There
7
This week
That week
8
Tomorrow
The day Before
9
The day before yasterday
Two days before
10
The day after tomorrow
In two days’time


Contoh :

1.  He said,"I will meet her tomorrow
     He said that he would meet her the next day.
2.  He said,"My sister died a year ago."
     He said that his sister had died a year before.
3.  He said,"She is coming this week."
     He said that she was coming that week.

This dan that yang dipergunakan sebagai adjective biasanya berubah menjadi the . Misalnya : This book atau that book berubah menjadi the book.
  •  Perubahan Susunan Kalimat 
Perubahan susunan kalimat hanya terjadi apabila kalimat langsung yang diubah menjadi kalimat tak langsung merupakan bentuk kalimat tanya.  Kalimat tanya bentuk langsung yang diubah menjadi kalimat tak langsungsusunanya berubah menjadi susunan kalimat  berita atau statement.

Contoh :

1.  He said,"Where will they go,"
     He asked where they would go.
2.  He said ,"Are they swimming in the pool?"
     He asked whether I would let him go.
  • Perubahan Bentuk Infinitive
Contoh :

1.  He said,"Close the window!"
     He asked me to close the window.
2.  He said,"Don't close the window !"
     He asked me not to close the window.
3.  He said,"Be careful on the way !"
     He advise me to be careful on the way
4.  He said,"Don't be lazy!"
     He advise me not to be lazy
  • Change The FollowingSentences Into Indirect Form !
1.  Are you student? He ask me
2.  Would you like to come with us ? They asked him
3.  What did you do in your spare time? They asked him
4.  Why did the baby cry? Nina asked us

Pengertian Dan Contoh Direct And Indirect Speech - Telah diperjelas bukan pengertian direct dan inderect speech secara lengkap beserta contohnya dan bagian - bagiannya.  Harapan kami semoga artikel ini dapat bermanfaat bagi teman - teman yang sedang menjalankan proses belajar mengajar.  Artikel di ambil dari Buku Panduan Belajar yang diterbitkan oleh Primagama.  Terimakasih Semoga Bermanfaat
Pengertian Dan Contoh Direct And Indirect Speech | Widia Muliadi | 5

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